Climate is the average weather condition in a place over a long period of time and there are many different types of climates all over Earth.
In the late 1800s and early 1900s a German climate scientist named Wladimir Koppen divided the world’s climates into categories. Today climate scientist have many different classifications to describe varying climates but in general they can be discussed in 5 varying types:
A: Tropical. In this hot and humid zone, the average temperatures are greater than 64°F (18°C) year-round and there is more than 59 inches of precipitation each year.
B: Dry. These climate zones are so dry because moisture is rapidly evaporated from the air and there is very little precipitation.
C: Temperate. In this zone, there are typically warm and humid summers with thunderstorms and mild winters.
D. Continental. These regions have warm to cool summers and very cold winters. In the winter, this zone can experience snowstorms, strong winds, and very cold temperatures—sometimes falling below -22°F (-30°C)!
E: Polar. In the polar climate zones, it’s extremely cold. Even in summer, the temperatures here never go higher than 50°F (10°C)!
This is roughly where those climate zones appear on a globe:
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